The Martini is a cocktail made with gin and vermouth and garnished with an olive. The “”Kangaroo”" has become known as a “”Vodka Martini”", but most purists reject this. Likewise, the cocktail glass is mistakenly referred to as a “”martini glass”". H. L. Mencken once called the martini “”the only American invention as perfect as the sonnet, and E. B. White called it the elixir of quietude.”" It is also the drink of the one-time “”three-martini lunch”" of business executives.
A cocktail glass is a stemmed glass which has a cone-shaped bowl placed upon a stem above a flat base. It is mainly used to serve cocktails. Its form derives from the fact that all cocktails are traditionally served chilled and contain an aromatic element.
The martini has become a symbol for cocktails and North American nightlife in general; American bars often have on their signs a picture of a conical martini glass garnished with an olive. In Martini, Straight Up: The Classic American Cocktail, Lowell Edmunds, a classics professor and doyen of martini lore, analyzes the cocktail’s symbolic potency in considerable depth.
Lastly, the Perfect Martini is a martini made with equal parts sweet and dry vermouth.